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1. Is gum bleeding normal? What causes gum bleeding?
Your gum doesn't bleed without a cause. If bleeding is frequent when brushing, you may be suffering from periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is caused by the accumulation of dental plaque at the margin of your gum. Toxins are released from the dental plaque and cause irritation to periodontal tissues. Inflamed gum will bleed when it is touched.


 

2. What should I do if I have periodontal disease?
If you are suffering from periodontal disease, we advise you to seek treatments such as scaling, root planing, and periodontal surgery from a dentist. Aside from receiving treatment, you should also thoroughly clean your teeth twice a day.


 

3. I have a bad breath. What are the causes of it?
There are many factors causing bad breath. Some foods such as garlic and onions may cause bad breath odour. If you don’t brush or floss properly, food particles and bacteria will be trapped in the mouth causing bad breath. Dry mouth is another factor and the decreased in salivary flow may be caused by certain medications, continuous mouth breathing or salivary gland problem. Smoking can cause bad breath too. Lastly, bad breath may be a sign of medical disorder such as respiratory tract infections and gastrointestinal disturbance.


 

4. What should I do about my bad breath? Is there any treatment?
Good oral hygiene is essential to reducing your bad breath. Brush your teeth twice a day and floss daily. Brush your tongue too. Have regular dental checkups to discover early any gum disease or dry mouth. We will help you determine the origin of your bad breath. If it is due to periodontal disease or plaque accumulation, we will treat the disease (refer to Q2) or prescribe special mouthrinse for you. If the cause is non oral origin, we may refer you to have medical consultation.


 

5. What are the causes of tooth discoloration?
Tooth discoloration may have intrinsic and extrinsic causes. The most common causes include ageing, consumption of staining substances such as coffee, tea, tobacco etc.


 

6. What is dental whitening?
It is a bleaching procedure that lightens discoloration of the enamel and dentine of your teeth. It is a safe and conservative treatment to give you a brighter and younger smile.


 

7. What are the alternative treatments to dental bleaching?
The alternatives include porcelain veneers and crowns. They are precise procedures.


 

8. What is a dental implant? Am I suitable to have one to restore my missing tooth?
An implant is a kind of fixed prosthesis. It is done by implanting a biocompatible material such as titanium alloy inside the dental alveolar bone to replace the root of the tooth. After the implant, false teeth such as crown, bridge, or removable denture can be mounted on top of the implant. Implant procedure involve a minor surgery, and there are three parts in the procedure:
(1) detailed check-up
(2) surgical operation
(3) crown or denture insertion.
The indication for having an implant can only be confirmed after detailed clinical examination and diagnosis. Please contact us for detailed examination to find out your problems and receive proper treatments.


 

9. What are the alternatives to dental implants?
There are other treatments to replace missing teeth, including resin bonded bridges, conventional bridges, dentures and implant retained dentures. Each patient may have different options and you are welcome to discuss those with us.

 

10. What is the suitable age for orthodontic treatment? How long does it take to complete the treatment?
Orthodontic treatment is suitable for all ages. You can first consult us for advising on your situation. The entire treatment process takes about one to three years. The actual length of time depends on the complexity of your treatment.


 

11. My friend is wearing invisible aligners to straighten her teeth. What are they and are they good for me too?
Invisible aligner is an invisible new way to straighten teeth without braces. Invisalign® treatment uses a series of clear, removable aligners to gradually straighten teeth, without metal or wires. It is nearly invisible, removable and comfortable. You could also view your own virtual treatment plan before you start - so you can anticipate how your straight teeth will look when your treatment is complete. Invisalign® is suitable for the vast majority of adults and adolescents, but we recommend initial consultation to determine the best treatment plan for you.